Blended learning is an approach to facilitating a course in which parts of the course are facilitated ‘face to face’ in a brick and mortar environment and other parts are facilitated online with learners controlling time / place and pace they will study these parts of the course.

Dziuban et al, 2004, referred to blended learning “as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment…" (p.3) Dziuban, C. Hartman, J and Patsy, M (2004) Blended Learning, Educause Centre for Applied Research, Research Bulletin, Vol 2004, Issue 7, March 30, pp. 1-12

Blended learning has the same meaning as hybrid learning or mixed-mode learning and it can be considered so even if the course is run using the internet in small proportion (30%) or in larger proportion (75%) (Siemens, Gasevic and Dawson, Preparing for the digital university, Accessed at http://linkresearchlab.org/PreparingDigitalUniversity.pdf, 09/11/15, 15.53).

Blended learning combines in-class, face-to-face instruction with learning via electronic media in a purposeful and complementary way to enhance student engagement. (Garrison and Vaughn 2008)
Although the delivery method is different, the learning outcomes for a blended course are consistent with those for a fully face-to-face version of the course (or fully online). Similarly, while the nature of the notional learning hours may be different, the number of notional student learning hours are the same.

Its not only about partial use of ICT (online learning)
Blended learning is not only about the partial use of ICT ( online learning ), it is also about the combined use of different pedagogical strategies (Oliver & Trigwell, 2005). like formally v.s. informal learning and individual v.s. collective learning.

Allen & Seaman (2014):
- Online education is when at least 80 % of the content is available online
- When 0 to 29 % is available online they talk about a face-to-face cursus
- When 30 to 80 is online, is is blended
The possibility to download and watch it online, is according to them also online education.

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